Weaving is a process of creating cloths by interlacing long threads (pakan threads) passing in one direction with others (lungsin/lusi threads) at a right angle to them. Before weaving, there is a process called “anai”, which is placing the lungsin threads in parallel on the weaving tools, accordant to the cloth’s desirable width.
Non-machine weaving tool is used to hold the lungsin thread’s strand whilst the pakan threads are being inserted crossways between the lungsin threads, manually. This crossways pattern between the lungsin and pakan threads are called as webbing. Most of the woven products are made with three webbing techniques: plain webbing, satin webbing, and keper webbing.
Plain cloth is a result of weaving only one color thread, weaved with some colorful threads in artistic and decorative designs, or even a complicated tapestry cloth.
Indonesian traditional weave crafts includes lurik, ikat weaving, songket, and geringsing. While creating an ikat weaving, before it is weaved into a cloth, the strands of the threads are being tied and dyed.